What is the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC)?
January 31, 2023

What is the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC)?


The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) is a global coalition of regulators, investors, companies, standard setters, accounting professionals, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that promotes the adoption of integrated reporting. Integrated reporting is a corporate reporting framework that emphasizes the interdependence of financial and non-financial aspects of an organization, including social and environmental factors. The IIRC aims to enhance corporate transparency and accountability, ultimately leading to sustainable development and long-term value creation for stakeholders.

In an increasingly interconnected and complex global economy, traditional financial reporting methods have proven insufficient to provide a holistic view of an organization’s performance and its impact on stakeholders. As a result, there is a growing demand for more comprehensive and transparent information on the value creation process, environmental, social, and governance (ESG) performance, and the long-term sustainability of businesses. Integrated reporting addresses these needs, enabling organizations to communicate their strategy, governance, performance, and prospects better, leading to improved investor and stakeholder decision-making.

This blog post aims to provide an overview of the International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC), including its history, formation, key stakeholders, and impact on global business practices. It will also discuss the benefits of adopting integrated reporting and the challenges organizations face implementing this innovative reporting framework.

History and Formation of IIRC

The seeds of the IIRC were sown through two significant initiatives: The Prince’s Accounting for Sustainability Project (A4S) and the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). Launched in 2004 by HRH The Prince of Wales, A4S aimed to inspire adopting sustainable business practices and reporting. GRI, founded in 1997, is an independent international organization that develops and promotes sustainability reporting guidelines. Both initiatives recognized the need for a more comprehensive and cohesive reporting framework that would address the limitations of traditional financial reporting.

As businesses faced mounting pressure from investors, regulators, and civil society to address their ESG performance, it became apparent that a more holistic reporting approach was necessary. The growing awareness of the interdependence of financial, social, and environmental factors in value creation led to the realization that a new reporting framework was required. This new framework is needed to provide a comprehensive view of an organization’s performance and impact, enabling better decision-making and accountability.

The IIRC was established in 2010 as a global coalition of leaders from various sectors responding to this need. Its mission is to create a globally accepted integrated reporting framework that combines financial, environmental, social, and governance information in a clear, concise, and comparable format. Since its inception, the IIRC has worked to develop and promote the Integrated Reporting (<IR>) Framework, which has become increasingly influential in shaping the future of corporate reporting worldwide.

The IIRC Framework

The Integrated Reporting (<IR>) Framework aims to provide a comprehensive and coherent reporting method that communicates an organization’s strategy, governance, performance, and prospects in the context of its external environment. By presenting financial and non-financial information in a clear, concise, and comparable format, the <IR> Framework enables stakeholders to understand an organization’s value creation process better and assess its long-term sustainability.

The <IR> Framework is built on seven guiding principles and eight content elements, which help organizations structure their integrated reports effectively. The guiding principles include:

  1. Strategic focus and future orientation
  2. Connectivity of information
  3. Stakeholder relationships
  4. Materiality
  5. Conciseness
  6. Reliability and completeness
  7. Consistency and comparability

The content elements are as follows:

  1. Organizational overview and external environment
  2. Governance
  3. Business model
  4. Risks and opportunities
  5. Strategy and resource allocation
  6. Performance
  7. Outlook
  8. Basis of presentation

Organizations that adopt the <IR> Framework can experience several benefits, including:

  1. Enhanced communication with stakeholders: Integrated reporting provides a more comprehensive and transparent view of an organization’s performance, enabling stakeholders to make informed decisions.
  2. Improved internal decision-making: By focusing on value creation, integrated reporting helps organizations align their strategy, governance, and performance management processes.
  3. Strengthened reputation: Adopting the <IR> Framework demonstrates an organization’s commitment to transparency, accountability, and sustainable business practices, which can improve its reputation among stakeholders.
  4. Attraction of long-term investors: Integrated reporting can help attract investors interested in long-term value creation and sustainability, thereby providing access to more stable capital.
  5. Better management of ESG risks and opportunities: The <IR> Framework encourages organizations to identify, assess, and manage their ESG risks and opportunities, leading to more resilient business models and improved long-term performance.

Key Stakeholders Involved in IIRC

The IIRC Council comprises prominent business, investment, regulatory, standard-setting, accounting, and NGO leaders. The Council members provide strategic direction, oversee the IIRC’s work program, and ensure the organization remains focused on its mission.

Businesses and organizations play a critical role in adopting and implementing integrated reporting. By embracing the <IR> Framework, they can enhance their internal decision-making processes, improve stakeholder communication, and contribute to the global shift towards sustainable business practices.

The IIRC collaborates with various international organizations, such as the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB), the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD), and the United Nations Global Compact, to promote integrated reporting and drive the adoption of sustainable business practices globally. This collaboration helps ensure consistency and comparability in corporate reporting, making it easier for organizations to report on their ESG performance and for stakeholders to assess and compare their efforts.

Global Adoption and Impact of IIRC

Since its inception, the IIRC has witnessed a steady increase in organizations adopting integrated reporting. With the growing awareness of the importance of ESG factors and the need for transparent communication, businesses across various industries and regions are increasingly embracing the <IR> Framework. This global adoption demonstrates the growing recognition of the value of integrated reporting in driving sustainable business practices and long-term value creation.

Several leading organizations have successfully implemented integrated reporting, showcasing its benefits and effectiveness. For instance, Novo Nordisk, a Danish healthcare company, has been producing integrated annual reports since 2004, merging their financial and sustainability reporting. Through this process, they have developed and shaped the company’s integrated thinking and management approaches. As an early adopter of Integrated Reporting, Novo Nordisk has contributed to developing the <IR> Framework, benefiting from its guidance and knowledge sharing within the business network.

The adoption of integrated reporting has had a positive impact on businesses, investors, and the environment:

  1. Businesses: Integrated reporting helps organizations better understand and manage their ESG risks and opportunities, leading to improved decision-making, resource allocation, and long-term performance.
  2. Investors: Integrated reports provide comprehensive information about an organization’s strategy, governance, and performance, enabling them to make more informed decisions and assess long-term sustainability.
  3. Environment: By encouraging organizations to consider their environmental impact, integrated reporting promotes more sustainable business practices, contributing to global efforts to combat climate change and protect the environment.

Challenges and Future Developments

Organizations face several challenges in adopting integrated reporting, such as:

  1. Lack of awareness and understanding of the <IR> Framework and its benefits.
  2. Difficulty in gathering and integrating financial and non-financial data across different departments and systems.
  3. Limited internal resources and expertise to implement integrated reporting effectively.
  4. Concerns about disclosing sensitive or competitive information.

As regulators worldwide recognize the importance of ESG factors and their impact on long-term value creation, they increasingly incorporate integrated reporting principles into their reporting requirements. This evolving regulatory landscape will likely drive greater adoption of the <IR> Framework, further enhancing the IIRC’s influence on corporate reporting practices.

As integrated reporting continues to gain traction, future developments will likely focus on refining the <IR> Framework, enhancing comparability, and leveraging technology to improve reporting processes. Artificial intelligence, big data, and blockchain technology, for example, can revolutionize corporate reporting by automating data collection, analysis, and presentation, making it easier for organizations to adopt integrated reporting and communicate their performance to stakeholders.

Wrapping Up

The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) is crucial in promoting integrated reporting, a comprehensive and transparent approach to corporate reporting that emphasizes the interdependence of financial, social, and environmental factors in value creation. As the global business landscape becomes increasingly interconnected and complex, a holistic reporting framework like the <IR> becomes even more critical to ensure effective communication, improved decision-making, and long-term sustainability.

We encourage more organizations to adopt integrated reporting to reap its numerous benefits, such as better stakeholder communication, improved internal decision-making, strengthened reputation, and attracting long-term investors. By embracing the <IR> Framework, organizations can contribute to the global shift towards more sustainable business practices and drive positive change in their industries.

As integrated reporting continues to gain momentum, we expect to see further developments in the <IR> Framework, the regulatory landscape, and the use of technology in corporate reporting. These advancements will help enhance the adoption of integrated reporting and amplify its impact on businesses, investors, and the environment, ultimately fostering a more sustainable and resilient global economy.

If your organization considers adopting integrated reporting or needs assistance understanding the IIRC and the <IR> Framework, we invite you to contact Veritrove. Our team of experts can provide the guidance and support you need to successfully navigate the integrated reporting landscape and harness its potential to drive value creation and long-term sustainability. Get in touch with us today to start your integrated reporting journey.


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